Sunday, 13 October 2013

Having Your Own Orchards: Fruit Tree Tips

Not many types of plants can astound people like backyard fruit trees. In the spring, the bare branches from winter become magical sticks that flourish and then in the summer, the branches are filled with delicious fruits. The real magic is that fruit trees don't need spells or incantations to have healthy trees. Keeping the trees in good shape depends on following a simple regimen of care throughout the year.
Cross-pollination, the most effective
Most fruit trees produce good fruit without any help, but can provide more fruits and better quality by cross-pollination. The pollen reaches the stigma of other flowers (of the same tree or another), increasing its resistance to the environment and leading to the development of more flavored and scented flowers and fruits. In general, cross-pollination is best achieved by insects. It's recommended for cherry, apricot, peach, plum and others.
An airy crown will lead to equal fruits
Fruits such as the apple, cherry, pear and plum can grow thin and short branches started directly from the branches. In general, on these branches are formed real bunches of flowers and then fruits. Usually they occur when the central part of the crown is too shaded, and that will eventually lead also to the deterioration of the floral formations. Therefore, it's indicated pruning the thick branches that are very high or sporadic to allow light and sun to access all areas of the tree.
Unfruitful branches, true parasites
Unfruitful branches are often parasitic and consume the resources of bearing fruit. Therefore, it is advisable to cut them from the moment they occur, as they grow and harden very quickly. Another solution would be grafting them (if they are already very high). In general, the most productive branches grow horizontally or at an angle up to 45°.
Cuts are made only in the right season
Fruit trees can be cut in any season, but with a very clear purpose only. Winter cuttings are made to strengthen the structure of the tree and growing extra force. Cutting in late spring, after the formation of the fruit is done to correct dwarf trees without reducing the amount of fruit produced. Cutting during flowering is useful to easily see which are the branches that produce fruit and which ones are useless. Cuttings taken in summer will encourage the development of fruit spurs.
Harvesting can undo all the work of the year
In terms of picking the best flavor and nutritional value of the ripe fruit, this is immediately after the harvest. For the fruit after harvest to last longer, it's recommended to be picked before it's fully ripe, when it still preserves its shades of green color. Also for extra freshness and strength is indicated to collect all the fruits with the stem (especially for cherries, cherry or apple). Resistance of stems is another sign of ripeness. If a fruit is large and ripe, a simple swing of the stem will lead to its fall. Also, another clue is the texture of the shell, its softness and hardness fleshy layer.